Thursday, 6 June 2013

Thangrong Geog Profile


1. Area and Location
Thangrong geog is located 66 km away from Dzongkhag Administration of Mongar. It is about 24 km away from the main high way of Yadi. It is bounded by Chaskhar geog in the east and north. Towards south and west, it is bounded by Kengkhar geog and Drepong geog respectively. It has an approximate area of 68 sq km.
Gorbaktang

2. Historical Profile of Thangrong geog since 1970
1970    - Became independent geog (it was under Chaskhar geog before 1970) with 150 households.
            - Mr. Dorji was the first appointed Gup
1973    - Dispensary and Agriculture Extension Centre was established at Kadam
1974    - Rural Water Supply Scheme (SWSS) was provided to Panglem and Baucheling chiwogs
1976    - Geog office was constructed at Kadam with the laborers from the different chiwogs of the geog
1978    -KadamLhakhang was renovated
1983    - Rural Water Supply Scheme (RWSS) was provided to Ngaru-pongtang
1989    - Livestock and Agriculture Extension Office was constructed
1990    - Community School was established by Mr. C.K. Rai
1991    - Community School was upgraded to Primary School and was relocated at present location
            - Dispensary was upgraded to BHU (Basic Health Unit) and was relocated at present location
1992    - ORC was established at Atola
1993    - ORC was established at Lingkhar
1994    - ORC was established at Changshing Goenpa
1996    - ORCwas established at Ngaru-pongtang
2001    -Chaskhar – Thangrong farm road construction began
2004    - Rural Water Supply Scheme (RWSS) was provided throughout the geog
2005    -Chaskhar – Thangrong farm road connected
2006    - Community School was established at Lingkhar and was inaugurated by Mr. Lethro
2007    - Gups office and RNR-EC was inaugurated
2008    - Constitutional Parliamentary Democracy was established in Bhutan and Mr. Ugyen Wangdi was elected as the first MP from Drametse-Ngatshang Constituency
- BHU staff quarters was constructed
2009    - Earthquake brought damages to the house of the villagers
            - 5th HM and Prime Minister visited the geog to see the damages done by the earthquake
2010    - Electricity provided to Changshing goenpa, Panglem and Baucheling chiwogs
            - Geog-Lingkhar Farm road construction began
            - Geog-Ngarupongtang farm road construction started
2011    - Baucheling and Panglem chiwogs emerged as one chiwog
- First Local Government Election in Bhutan
            - Local leaders elected
            - Most of the Lhakhangs damaged by 2008 earthquake were renovated
            - ECR established at Atola
            - Thangrong Primary School was reconstructed
            - BHU was relocated
            - Geog-Changshing goenpa farm road started
2012    - Farm road widening done at Lhawong and Demri
            - Geog was connected with B-Mobile
            - CC (Community Centre) was established
            - Geog Kitchen constructed
            - Electricity provided to Ngaru-pongtang and Lingkhar
            - Lingkhar Community Primary School was renovated
2013  - Dasho Sonam Wangchuk became the Second elected Mongar NC
waterfall at Duling
3. Geog as Institution
The geog has strong grass root level institutions like GYT chaired by Gup and has representatives from almost all the villages known as Tshogpas and Chipons.
Infrastructure

Sl. No
Name of Infrastructure
Number
1
Geog Centre
1
2
RNR Extension Centre
1
3
BHU (Basic Health Unit)
1
4
Community School
3
5
ORC (Out Reach Clinic)
4
6
NFE Learning Centre
9
7
G2C Centre
1
8
Lhakhang
13


 Geog Staffs
Sl. No
Name
Designation
Gender
1
TshewangRinzin
Gup
Male
2
SingyeDorji
Mangmi
Male
3
KelzangThinley
Gaedrung
Male
4
Dawa Lham
Livestock Extension
Female
5
Chungku
Agriculture Extension
Male
6
SherubLhamo
G2C Staff
Female
7
RinchenWangdi
Care Taker
Male

The geog has 5 main villages and the settlement is scattered. More than 90% of the households have access to piped water drinking. Baucheling and Changshing gonpa chiwogs have access to electricity while release of electricity at Ngarupongtang and Lingkhar are ready. At Atola, the survey for electrification is done. People are busy carrying electric poles. 

 Number of Households and Population (2014)
Sl. No
Chiwog
House holds
Population
Total
Male
Female
1
Atola
64
254
235
489
2
Baucheling
135
522
431
1053
3
Changshinggonpa
44
136
134
270
4
Ngarupongtang
44
184
161
345
5
Lingkhar
66
264
252
516

Total
353
1360
1213
2673

 Details of Tshogpas
Sl. No
Name
Chiwog
Gender
1
Thinley
Atola
Male
2
Dawa
Baucheling
Male
3
Singye
Changshing Gonpa
Male
4
Leki Dorji
Ngarpongtang
Male
5
Norbu
Lingkhar
Male

4. Road Connectivity
Atola is the only Chiwogs in Thangrong geog where road connection has not reached in their village. Lingkhar and Changshing gonpa farm road are under construction. Details of farm road in Thangrong geog are given in table 4 and 5 respectively. 

 Completed Farm roads
Sl. No
Name of the Road
KM
Beneficiaries
Remarks
1
Chaskhar-Geog Centre
18
353 hh
Completed
2
Geog Centre-Renangkhoe
2.5
135 hh
Completed
3
Geog Centre-Ngarupongtang
6
44 hh
Completed

 Farm roads that are under construction
Sl. No
Name of the Road
Target (km)
Achieved(km)
Beneficiaries

1
Geog Centre-Lingkhar
14
10
66 hh

2
Geog Centre-Changshing Gonpa
14.5
11
44 hh

3
Geog centre-Walaktang
2.5
2.5
17 hh


5. Agriculture Programe
The major agriculture produce are maize, potato, chilli, and vegetable. Almost all types of pulses, legumes and cereals are grown in the geog. Major horticulture crops include mandarin, plum, mango, peach besides others. The major food crops and horticulture crops are given in the table 6 and 7 respectively.

Major food crops grown in the geog
 Village-wise Main Cereal crops/Cash crops grown in the geog
Name of Village
Main Cereal crop 1
Main Cereal crop 2
Main Cereal crop 3
Main Cash crops 1
Main cash crop 2
Main cash crops 3
Panglem
Maize
Maize
Beans
Potato
Citrus
Mango
Boucholing
Maize
Maize
Beans
Potato
Citrus
Mango
Changsingla
Maize
Beans
Soybean
Potato
Pear
Walnut
Atola
Maize
Beans
Soybean
Potato
Pear
Walnut
Lingkhar
Maize
Maize
Beans
Mango
Citrus
Pear
Narpangtang
Maize
Maize
Beans
Mango
Citrus
Mushroom

6. Land use
The geog has most of its area under forest cover. Among the agriculture land, dry land agriculture is most dominant followed by tseri cultivation.
 Agriculture land use type
Village-wise different types of Land-use data in acre
Name of Village
Dry land(acre)
Wet land (acre)
Tseri (acre)
Sokshing (acre)
Kitchen (acre)
Orchard (acre)
Panglem
61.12
3.37
2.5
40
4
10.15
Boucholing
85
5.06
5
55
5.8
6.25
Changsingla
21.23
0.44
10
65
5.5
0.5
Atola
130.25
1.2
15
25
4.5
4.75
Lingkhar
90.36
0
10
35
4.5
11.1
Narpangtang
71.42
0.44
0
10
1.5
3.25
Total
459.38
10.51
42.5
230
25.8
36








7. Vegetation
There is a wide range of vegetation cover in Thangrong geog. At the extreme south there is a cool broad leaved forest and as it ascends higher the vegetation cover is both evergreen and deciduous forest.

8. Topography
The topography of the village ranges from high mountain terrain with gentle and steep slopes.The area is generally undiluted with deep gorgeous. Most of the agricultural activities are practiced on the gentle slopes.  The ecosystem of the geog is fragile and very prone to erosion and landslide.

9. Climate
The geog is located at an average altitude of 1000 masl -2400 masl. It is very cold in northern part of Thangrong geog in winter but it becomes much warmer in summer. The climate ranges from cool temperate type in the higher altitude to the most dominated warm subtropical type in the lower area. The temperature remains between the ranges of 32.5O – 36.5OC in summer and drops to 19.5O-26OC in winter.

10. Soil type
The soil of the geog is dominated with red sandy soil. However, in some pokets of the village the soil appears to be clay, sandy clay, sandy loam, and loamy sand. The porosity of the soil is high and mostly acidic in nature.

Lharjab Lhakhang
11. Potentials and Constraints
In the geog, there is a potential for horticultural development besides the cereal crops. There is potential for growing citrus in the southern part of the geog and walnut in the northern part.
The main constraints of the geog are market inaccessible and the difficulty in farm mechanization because of steep slopes and deep gorgeous. Moreover, limited land holdings, poor soil fertility, wild pests and irrigation problems are other constraints.


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